Is target shooting a sport there?
Yes it's ! You can go to practice range and shoot from a few firearms.You can buy and own without restriction black powder muzzle loaders :)
Cannot a private citizen own guns for hunting?
Yes, but he have to become a member of Hunters Association and pay for the privilege !
Are there no gun shops where one can buy guns and ammo?
there are but not many for the obvious reason .....
Does anyone have a permit to carry?
Some do !
Can they keep sidearms in their homes?
need a permit for it !
What are the penalties if one runs afoul of the no gun laws?
I think, five years imprisonment for possessing gun without permit !
Any guns at all in society?
Sure there are .....and you can buy guns quite easy, money and know how is enough.
Thats the one of the reasons that I would support the right to owns guns in Poland. I think that people opposing the right aren't aware how easily you can buy a firearms ......