The first thing that comes to my mind is health care. It seems really inefficient.
It can be hit or miss really - I went last night to the all night doctor, no queue, and the doctor spoke English. So - from that side of things - no complaints here.
Polls are showing Tusk, the PO, and Komorowski popularity is dropping, and PiS and Jaroslaw Kaczynski favorability is rising.
Polls are actually showing the opposite - PO are maintaining their low 40% ratings - which they've had for years now. In fact, it seems that the only thing affecting PO is the SLD - even when the polls have showed PO only getting high 30's - those votes have been transferred to the SLD, not PO - and are probably the result of young people. The same young people will more than likely vote PO simply to keep PiS out.
letting the ship-building industry down the drain in 2008
To be honest, after the years of dodgy subsidies to shipyards, it was about time that the plug was pulled anyway. Even before the European Commission got involved, they were only surviving because the Government let them. It's exactly the same situation with Ciegelski in Poznan - it should be allowed to die, but it won't die because of sentimental reasons rather than pragmatic reasons.
Anyway, as this thread is about failures - the big one is education. PO have spectacularly failed to reform the education sector properly - and the situation in 2011 is exactly the same as in 2007 - the sector is riddled with nepotism and dinosaurs who are more interested in their own pockets than anything else. The situation where directors/deans are elected, rather than being professionals trained for the job is one great example.