And wood buffalo? Native?
The European bison have been always under the protection of Polish Kings, and later of Russian Tsars - but also under constant pressure from poachers. In 1914, there were 727 bisons in Białowieża Forest. However, none was left in 1919, due to hunting by withdrawing German armies, Russian partizans, and poachers. In early 1920s twelve pure blood animals from international ZOOs were selected for reintroduction and by 1939 16 bisons lived in Białowieża Forest. They survived the war and in 1950s they were supplemented by a Soviet stock.
żubr - a wisent, a wood buffalo (4230)
Ouch, that's the world's population of żubr a.k.a. European bison, wood bison, as of 2009. The correct numbers are attached below.World-wide, as of 2009 (other source):
2787 in free-ranging populations (66%)
1144 in breeding centers and zoos (34% world population)World-wide, free-ranging herds:
Ukraine - 6 populations, 222
Poland - 5 populations, 991 (Białowieska Forest - 473)
Belarus - 9 populations, 937
Russia - 10 populations, 414
Lithuania - 1 population, 61
Slovakia - 1 population, 9Poland: total 1235, as of 2011
Free-ranging herds: 1041
.... Bieszczady - 277 (a mixture of Caucasian and Białowieża bisons)
.... Białowieska Forest - 481
.... Borecka Forest - 91
.... Knyszyńska Forest - 103
.... West Pomeranian herd - 89
Enclosed herds: 194
.... Breeding centers - 111
.... ZOOs - 24
.... Centre of Forest Culture in Gołuchów - 9
.... City parks - 11
.... Provincial parks - 39
Wasn't Poland the last country to have living Aurochs in modern day ?
The last one, a female, died in 1627 in the Jaktorów Forest, Poland, central Poland.
Its skull was later taken by the Swedish Army during the Swedish invasion of Poland (1655-1660) and is now the property of Livrustkammaren in Stockholm.
kozica - a chamois, a Tatra mountains goat (770 in 2008)
According to the latest fall population count, the number of Tatra mountains goats on both sides of the Polish-Slovakian border is record high - 1096: 810 in Slovakia and 286 in Poland; including 134 and 43 young goats, correspondingly. This is 24 more than the previous record high from the year 1964.
The lowest count was in 1999 - only 241 goats. The count of goats steadily increases in the recent years:
2010 - 841
2011 - 929
2012 - 1096
Counting the Tatra chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) takes place twice a year: in spring and autumn. It is organized since 1954, and together with the Slovaks since 1957. Chamois is a symbol of both Polish and Slovak Tatra National Park. It is a protected species, although it happens that the poachers hunt these animals.