eklerka or beza,
Eclairs, meringues and tompoozers (vanilla slices)?
More international than specifically Polish and with origins elsewhere; they've certainly been around in Britain for a century or more, and I think tompoozers were invented there or in Holland. Very much cakes not 'cookies' which are a type of biscuit, often containing chocolate chips.
Karpatka is mainly Polish though and Wuzetka (delicious, and my favourite) are specifically Polish.
I've only seen dachówki migdalowe in Warsaw and even there in only a few bakeries. They deserve to be better known.