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Posts by sjam  

Joined: 13 Jan 2009 / Male ♂
Last Post: 3 Dec 2009
Threads: Total: 2 / Live: 0 / Archived: 2
Posts: Total: 541 / Live: 146 / Archived: 395

Interests: Publisher

Displayed posts: 146 / page 1 of 5
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sjam   
14 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

Not sure if this counts but I have a Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa or AK) cap from the Warsaw Rising 1944. It is adapted from a German railway man's cap and was discovered in a cellar in the Srodmiescie district of Warsaw and most likely belonged to a soldier from IV Battle Group 'GURT' Armia Krajowa.

I collect mainly period photos of Nazi occupied Warsaw (some of which are on: Polandww2.com), but also have a large collection of Polish WWII medals, badges and insignia.



sjam   
15 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

I have been collecting for many years.
My long dead father was 'tanker' in Pulk 4 Pancerny 'Skorpion' 2 Warszawska Dywizja Pancerna (4th Armoured Regiment 'Skorpion' of the 2nd Warsaw Armoured Division).

This is a photo of him outside "Skorpion's" post-war base at Potenza Picena in Province of Macerata, Marche, Italy.
sjam   
16 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

Great photo Sjam.

Thats a great photo.

Thank you.
Here are two more :-)


  • Pulk 4 Pancerny ‘Skorpion’ : Potenza Picena

  • Pulk 4 Pancerny ‘Skorpion’ : Potenza Picena
sjam   
17 Jan 2009
Genealogy / Pilipczuk, Mankowski(a), Demusiak, Molczan...HELP PLEASE [17]

how i could find out IF my great grandmother died at a concentration camp in Poland?

If you haven't done so already you should make contact the ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/focus/its/ which has access to the International Tracing Service (at Bad Arolsen) archives which hold the survived records of millions of concentration camp victims. But you should be aware that a significant number (in some cases as much as 80%) of concentration camp records were destroyed by the SS camp authorities ahead of the Soviet and western allied forces liberation of the camps, so you may never find out a conclusive answer.

The other situation be be aware of is that it could take an age to get a reply before the USHMM gained access to the ITS records I had to wait almost 2 years for a definitive reply via Polish Red Cross and ITS.

You could also try searching the indeks.karta.org.pl/ KARTA Foundation who have an indeks.karta.org.pl/wyszukiwanie.asp online searchable database 'Index of the Repressed' ?

Good luck with your research!
sjam   
23 Jan 2009
Life / Polish and Slavic Art [48]

Stanislaw Gliwa 1910-1986.
War artist in thornb2b.co.uk/UPLOADS/PAZUR_PIRAT.jpg - Polish 2nd Corps and later a printer in England.
sjam   
23 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

great grandfathers 20 year service medal

I havn't seen this medal before? What is on the other side of it and do you know what year was it awarded?
sjam   
24 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

t was awarded in 1938 to Polish soldiers for 20 years of service.On the back it says ZA D£UGOLETNIA S£UZBĘ

Many thanks ;-)
So grandfather was a soldier during Polish-Soviet war?
sjam   
24 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

I'm in Iraq

If you're fighting the war....my total respect!

Did anyone in your family fight in the Polish-soviet war?

No idea? Nobody still alive to ask :-(
The Polish-Soviet war is still little appreciated.
sjam   
25 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

fantastic book capturing the war, "White Eagle Red Star: The Polish-Soviet War 1919-1920

I agree ;-) Zamoyski's Warsaw 1920: Lenin's Failed Conquest of Europe is an easier reading style, and I think a better book.

scince it could of saved Europe from Communism.

Totally agree! Poland saved Germany (and the rest of western Europe) from the Bolshevik repression that itself had to endure for so many decades....try getting that point across to some of the numbskull neo-nazi fantasists on this forum ;-)))
sjam   
26 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

citation information on Zamoyski's text? Year, Publisher, etc.?

I have hardback copy. Available from Amazon. Not sure if paperback edition is available?
As historian I am not sure there is anything new here that is not in Red Star White Eagle but is for sure an easier writing style to read than N.D.

Warsaw 1920: Lenin's Failed Conquest of Europe
Adam Zamoyski
Hardcover: 224 pages
Publisher: HarperPress (4 Feb 2008)
Language English
ISBN-10: 0007225520
ISBN-13: 978-0007225521
Product Dimensions: 20.6 x 13.8 x 2.4 cm

There is a new Katyn book authored here in UK which contains newly researched archival documents. I cannot tell you too much right now as the author is still negotiating with a publisher (I know the author personally a Polish lady living in London). When the deal has been concluded I will let you know as I read this is an area of interest to you?

I am very interested in gen. Anders plan to unite the entire Polish Army from Italy and Germany as one force to be perpared for striking back into Poland against USSR and also Anders involvement in anti-communist resistance. There is not much published in English on this matter or the near mutiny of sections of 2nd Corps in Italy after Yalta declaration is also not much discussed even by Polish 2nd Corps veterans.
sjam   
27 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

I never knew that Gen.Anders planned on uniting the Polish exiles and Germany and the Poles in the German army.

Not many are aware of this.

I have been conduction primary research this area for a while now using original papers from archives so I know that the sources are not secondary sources.

The British government of the time were very aware of Anders plans and made damn sure than everything was done by both Britain and US to stop Anders creating such a united Polish 'Free' Force on German soil whose purpose was liberating Poland from the Soviets. I have copies of most of the original secret papers by the British government and intelligence services that show just how seriously they took Anders plan. These documents are in Public Recourd Office in London where I took photographs of the actual wartime papers which have now been declassified. The Polish 2nd Corps was effectively infiltrated by NKVD (and the Brits had their own agents in 2nd Corps) so these plans were known by Soviets who again did their utmost to stop Anders using anti-Anders propaganda in US and British media and by the Soviet spy network operating in British Government and Foreign Office.

The Polish Airforce in Britain was deliberately grounded by the British authorities on several occasions just in case they were going to be used to support Anders plans.

There is a book called `Zamoczyna` [not sure about spelling] the second part 1943-1959

Many thanks PolskaMan.......I found title on: worldcat.org

Zamojszczyzna by Zygmunt Klukowski

Yes! This is exactly my area... much appreicated. When it comes about, please feel free to e-mail

I think Polish is already in process of being produced (or would you prefer English?) I will ask.
sjam   
27 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

This is indeed a revelation. Any chance of posting copies of the papers?

I became interested in this very subject as I had read in Civil War or New Occupation, Poland after 1944. (Ajnenkiel, Andrzej, ed. 2001. Rytm.Warsaw) something dr. Józef. Garliński had written "......that a common slogan amonst the 2nd Corps was ‘One atom bomb and we could again return to Lwów." which I thought was a natural view to hold given the situation that many Polish forces had found themsleves in after it became clear that Poland's western allies were not going to stand in the way of Stalinist expansionism in eastern Europe.

Then I obatined a copy of a OSS (forrunner of CIA) secret report entitled General Wladyslaw Anders' Polish Second Corps as a source of international misunderstanding Department of State (US). Office of Research Intelligence R&A;;3522, 1 1946 (Microfilm). Which summarised the US intelligence reports about Anders views on a united Polish Armed Force that he wanted in Germany and his firmly held opinion that a WWIII between USA and USSR was likely to occur very soon after WWII and the Polish Forces outside of Poland should be held in readiness for this war and the liberation of Poland from USSR.

Will see what I can do re posting some examples ....I have about a dozen full DVDs of document photographs I have taken at PRO archive! I also have many connected to SOE and Poland especially cichociemni both during WWII and the efforts to return as many as possible from Soviet occupied Poland after WWII....ths is also a very interesting story that not many people are aware of. There were also stories of an anti-communist intelligence operation in Poland sponsored by OSS/CIA that was made up of former cichociemni working alongside former Gestapo officers but I have not yet found actual documents to support this...they may still be classified?
sjam   
28 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

A couple more A.K. caps in my collection (if the URL link works?):

Biege cap is from thornb2b.co.uk/UPLOADS/AK_Barbara.jpg - Batalionu “Barbara” 16 pp Armii Krajowej formation from Tarnów.

The dark blue cap is I think from thornb2b.co.uk/UPLOADS/AK_KOT.jpg - A.K. unit 'KOT' which operated around Poznań circa 1946-47 but I am not 100% sure.
sjam   
28 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

Where do you find these caps??

Mainly Poland. I have been collecting for some years so other collectors often contact me when they find interesting militaria ;-) but it is much more difficult to collect such items these days as many find homes in museum exhibits! Which I guess is as it should be.

There are many fake items around which makes things difficult unless you are careful.
I have also been collecting Polish forced worker <P> badges, photos and documents and even these cloth <P> and "OST" badges are now being faked.
sjam   
28 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

i stumble across one of these i would like to know how much they go around for.

Today, if you come across an WWII A.K. cap for less that $350 you would find a bargain ;-) Polish/German helmets from Warsaw Rising $600 +

Look at this single 'Skorpion' regiment collar badge recently on eBay:
cgi.ebay.co.uk/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&ssPageName=STRK:MEWAX: IT&item=200291345944
sjam   
28 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

Nor me ;-)

This is also current Allegro auction : Legitymacja krzyża Monte Cassino 4 pułk pancerny

This must end at 450-650zl ?
sjam   
29 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

General Bulak cross of valor

Do you remember if the seller sold this medal with the correct award document as I am surprised gen. Stefan 'starba' Baluk would let someone sell one of his medals? I know he has a lot of medals on his uniform though :-)
sjam   
29 Jan 2009
History / Unusual soldier (The bear - named Voytek) [71]

perhaps give me some contacts of people who served with Wojtek

Your friend should contact either The Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum which produced a small booklet about "Woytek" and cost £1.50, they also house the life-size bronze statue of "Woytek" sat amongst ammunition boxes.

They don't have email so address is:

The Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum
20 Princes Gate
London SW7 1PT
Great Britain.
Telephone: +44 (0)20 7589 9249

For information about the regiment your friend should contact:

The Polish Ex-Combatants Association (SPK)
(Stowarzyszenie Polskich Kombatantow)
240 King Street
London W6 0RF
United Kingdom

To allow "Wojtek" into Great Britain the British Army gave the bear his own Polish soldier's number so he officially became a serving soldier just as the other Poles. So he was entitled to soldiers pay and pension.


  • Wojtek
sjam   
30 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

I think your talking about someone else,

I think you are right :-)) The gen. Baluk I met in Warszawa was a former cichociemni
sjam   
30 Jan 2009
History / Polish weapons and militaria - got any? [153]

Your very lucky to meet a cichociem

It was a real honour.
Stefan Baluk was 93 when I first met him. He once told me that when he was parachuted into Poland the plane was at such a high altitude that his nose started bleeding heavily in the unpressurised cabin of the RAF plane and the whole of the front of his jump-overalls was covered in blood by the time he landed...it was so bad thathe looked as though he had been shot!
sjam   
5 Feb 2009
History / Yalta Conference and Poland [78]

Is it not now widely accepted that the Oder and Neisse line proposal (western boundary in German territory) was not originally a Soviet concept but one that was postulated much earlier by General Sikorski as a pragmatic solution to Poland's place in post-war Europe.

An approximation of the curzon line eastern boundary was also proposed by General Sikorski. The giving up of eastern Polish territory was to be compensated by the westward shift of Polish borders to the Oder and Neisse line again this was Sikorski's concept.

Therefore this thorny issue can't be fairly or entirely laid at either Stalin's, Roosevelt's or Churchill's door. The issue was that Sikorski's plan was obviously an anathema to many less pragmatic elements in the Polish-government-in-exile and was never likely to be acceptable to them.

Though ironically Sikorski's plan was eventually the settlement that became the post-war reality however the big difference was that Stalin (with the de facto occupation of central Europe by the Red Army) was able to exploit the weakness of his western allies (including the sidelined Polish-government-in-exile) to his own ends as there was no willingness by Roosevelt and Churchill to fight the Soviets over Poland's postwar borders as after all the USSR had played a major role (one could argue the major role) in the defeat the Nazi regime.

Solidly researched reference work that discusses Sikorski plan in detail:
Poland's Place in Europe: General Sikorski and the Origin of the Oder-Neisse Line, 1939-1943: Sarah Meiklejohn.
sjam   
5 Feb 2009
History / Yalta Conference and Poland [78]

It was after

My point is a simple one and one that many Poles overlook-the present boundaries of Poland were not an original idea conspired by the 'Big Three'; Sikorski, when he was alive, proposed the very same Polish national boundaries in 1942 for post-war Poland and these eventually became a post-war reality after his death. Sikorski's views were not secret and were known to the allies. So you can't say that Poland's post-war boundaries were the fault of just the 'Big Three' -the outcome was inevitable as had Sikorski lived the borders of Poland would have still resembled those of Poland today. That is the point I am making.
sjam   
5 Feb 2009
History / Yalta Conference and Poland [78]

Look, just stop with the facts, OK?

Troll lesson no.1 ....... Why let facts stand in the way of a good arguement ;-))))
sjam   
5 Feb 2009
History / Yalta Conference and Poland [78]

Poland is perfect (and so are the Poles).

As a Pole I can but agree 100% with this :-)
sjam   
5 Feb 2009
History / Yalta Conference and Poland [78]

Poland was savaged during WWII for no good reason and completely unfairly.

From Poland's view point it was savaged for no good reason but from the German and Soviet view there were plenty of good reasons—Living space in the East for Germany and revenge for Stalin! This was unfortunatley Poland's destiny regardless of any friendship treaties it had signed with Germany and USSR earlier and with Britain and France afterwards.

However a big mistake was that Britain persuaded the Polish government to delay mobilisation (which it did) in a vain attempt to give diplomacy one last chance.

The sensible thing to have done would have been to prevent the imposition of communism.

As Stalin had millions of communist Red Army soldiers sweeping across the soil of Poland by 1944 what sensible plan was possible to stop them and why would they want to do that? Unless you are suggesting that the western allies should have turned against Soviets at this point in 1944? What would have happened if they had: the USSR would then most likely have sat round the peace table with the Germans again so what would be the sense in creating that scenario. By 1944 Poland was a communist contolled country by virtue of Red Army already on its soil.

At the end of the war in Europe the western alies believed it still needed Stalin's mighty Red Army to help defeat the Japanese especially in Manchuria... as it turned out the atom bomb obviated the need for Stalin's support... but by then the die was cast.

Churchill was just happy to bask in his glory.

And rightly so—for all his faults he rallied a nation to the eventual victory over the German's. If pompass ass he was he also got the job done for Britain at that time; he defended Britain's interest above all else; as any nation's leader should!
sjam   
10 Feb 2009
News / Poland Should Beef Up Military [286]

Today is Feb. 10, 1940. My family were stuffed in cattle cars and sent to Siberia today. Four of them lost their lives. I ask that you light a candle for them

Amen to that.
sjam   
18 Feb 2009
History / Can anyone from Poland tell me about Auschwitz and The Ghetto? [582]

They were policed by the Jewish police, who were very cruel to their fellow men. In 1942, the deportations started. The Jewish police helped the Germans to load the trains to Treblinka.

Where is the balance in that statement?
Did Polish teachers not teach you about the Polish 'Blueys'?

Polish 'Blueys' also helped Jewish ghetto police with deportations; policing the ghettos; extortion rackets; bribary and brutality against ghetto inhabitants? The 'Blueys' weren't standing there issuing parking tickets.

Fiish, if you are Jewish you might want to drop the subject unless you have a thick skin as many will deny the Jewish Holocaust happened at all.
sjam   
18 Feb 2009
History / Can anyone from Poland tell me about Auschwitz and The Ghetto? [582]

Of course you should mention that polish "blue pollice" would get executed down to a man if it refused, it wasnt exactly willing.

Please. The Polish 'Blueys' weren't forced into extortion rackets; taking of bribes; beatings etc., in the ghetto and neither were the Jewish Ghetto police, nor the 13's, nor the German guards; they were all willing and eager self-serving criminal participants in the exploitation and ultimate destruction of the ghetto inhabitants.

Where is your documentary evidence that the Polish 'Blueys' were forced to police the Warsaw ghetto and take part in the corruption rackets?
sjam   
18 Feb 2009
History / Can anyone from Poland tell me about Auschwitz and The Ghetto? [582]

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bereza_Kartuska_Detention_Camp

The inspiration for the establishment of a detention centre for political prisoners at Bereza Kartuzka came from Hermann Göring's during his visit to Poland in 1934

The number of deaths in detention was kept artificially low by releasing prisoners who were in poor health.

A number of modern non-Soviet sources have also characterized the facility as a concentration camp, including Yale University professor Timothy Snyder, the Library of Congress, and the Polish Nobel prize-winning author Czesław Miłosz.

OUN members who were incarcerated at Bereza Kartuska have testified to the use there of torture. There were frequent beatings (with boards being placed against inmates' backs and struck with hammers), forced labor, constant harassment, the use of solitary confinement without provocation, punishment for inmates' use of the Ukrainian language, etc.