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The restoration of Polish cities from WW2 destruction


OP pawian 176 | 15,374
23 Dec 2020 #91
with the criterias or principles which was used in the reconstruction and restoration processes after the ww2

The criteria were often ideological - e.g, communists didn`t care about tenement houses from 19th/early 20th century as having capitalist background and atmosphere. They prefered to have older architecture rebuilt. Even churches, which always surprised me. But we should remember that it wasn`t only communists but primarily pre-war architects who led the reconstruction - they were supervised by communists but often managed to implement their own ideas.

Another difficulty apart from politics was the lack of funds, labour and contruction materials. E.g., Warsaw sucked in bricks from other cities which weren`t reconstructed, mainly ex German ones.

I don`t know much about similar ideological tensions in Syria - the main problem will be money - Syria is ruined and has scarce income. International help will be a must.
OP pawian 176 | 15,374
6 Apr 2021 #92
Now, after Poland joined the EU and is developing fast, local councils have money to restore their destroyed Old Towns which weren`t rebuilt after the war until today.

They are not faithful or at least similar copies of the pre-war architecture but free variations of pseudo historic style . I must say I don`t like this approach too much but stil it is better than a barren weed-grown terrain.

See Elbląg. The first picture shows a complete desert which was once a busy, densely populated Old Town. The war caused 98% destruction and the area remained desolate for over 50 years









OP pawian 176 | 15,374
6 Apr 2021 #93
Głogów - the same story as Elbląg. Barren ground in the centre for over 50 years. Until 21st century.

Yes, I admit, it is amazing that life comes back to historical places but still it looks a bit doubtful..... Or am I too fussy coz I am a perfectionist??







Ziemowit 13 | 4,401
6 Apr 2021 #94
but still it looks a bit doubtful

The old town of Kołobrzeg (Kolberg) has been rebuilt in the same style. It looks pretty nice indeed, though, since the magnificent old cathedral has been restored (not sure how much of it survived the WW II) and is now a piece of authentic reality from the time before the war.

The worst was when the commie authorities built socialist-style blocks of flats as a replacement for the old buildings.
OP pawian 176 | 15,374
6 Apr 2021 #95
Ziem, you are a genius coz I was going to mention Kołobrzeg (the town where I spent a year as a child) as well as socialsi thousing estates replacing old architecture. Great minds think alike.
Paulina 10 | 1,860
6 Apr 2021 #96
Or am I too fussy coz I am a perfectionist??

I know what you mean, because I'm like that too... But I'm afraid the reality is that a faithful reconstruction would be more expensive, difficult and would take more time.

Here's an interesting article about the pretty "barbaric" reconstruction of tenement houses in Gdańsk during communist times:

odbudowarekonstrukcjapogania.wordpress.com/2016/03/22/mity-odbudowy-glownego-miasta-w-gdansku-cz-2/

This is an example of not a very faithful reconstruction of such tenement house - on the left the scientific reconstruction and on the right the project approved for realisation:

projekty

The project on the right is simplified and has more storeys - probably to fit in more flats for people to live in.
OP pawian 176 | 15,374
7 Apr 2021 #97
on the right the project approved for realisation:

Yes, we can complain today that what professional architects wished for and what communists gave the green light to were sometimes very different. But we should be still happy they didn`t build socialist blocks there, as Ziemowit mentioned about other unlucky towns.

So, the Old Town was so badly ruined they pulled down almost everything, including front walls which were still standing and built new houses in the place.



Iaki
8 Apr 2021 #98
I don't get why Polish architects today try to emulate Scandinavian-like designs. It looks sterile in a Slavic country, out of place. Kinda cold as Polish summers are cloudier than in Sweden except for Subkarpatian.

Germany, Hungary and to a lesser extend Czechia & Slovakia meanwhile have adopted new styles that match the surroundings more, at least in colors (e.g. pale yellow new flat in an area with old yellow and orange houses).
OP pawian 176 | 15,374
8 Apr 2021 #99
I don't get why Polish architects today try to emulate Scandinavian-like designs.

Are you talking about the restoration of destroyed districts or architecture in general?
Iaki
8 Apr 2021 #100
Both actually.
OP pawian 176 | 15,374
8 Apr 2021 #101
The old town of Kołobrzeg (Kolberg) has been rebuilt in the same style

yes, but with some differences. The restoration of Kołobrzeg started in 1980s, that is why most houses in newly built blocks (kwartały) are bigger, wider, heavier and less colourful. But when I look at pre-war postcards of Kolberg, the original houses were also plain.


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OP pawian 176 | 15,374
11 Apr 2021 #102
when the commie authorities built socialist-style blocks of flats as a replacement for the old buildings.

After mentioning Kołobrzeg, it was your second remark which had been at gthe back of my head waiting for a proper opoortunity.

A few dozen ex German towns in Regained Lands were so unlucky - instead of rebuilding old tenement houses or at least erecting a mock up of old blocks, local authorities resorted to socialist architecture. Yes, we know - they had no money, specialists or materials, and Warsaw needed millions of bricks for its own restoration. Those German towns were doomed, sort of. Pity.

One example: Lwówek Ślaski - compare before and after WW2.









OP pawian 176 | 15,374
22 Apr 2021 #103
There has been still a worse fate than socialist blocks replacing old tenement houses. NOTHING! No rebuilding at all. This happened to Kostrzyń nad Odrą. Germans turned it into a fortress and defended fanatically for a few weeks. The Old Town was razed to the ground and never rebuilt.








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