Poland is pretty thorough when it comes to provisions.
No way, look at some of the nonsense involved with the ZUS system. Wroclaw Boy's outlined one case, but there's plenty more.
The system of requiring people to get stamps *monthly* in a booklet just to prove that they're entitled to health care is one example of absolute stupidity - what's the point in giving 90%+ of the country free health care and not the small minority who aren't entitled because they're not unemployed and not working?
Of course, you then get the nonsense where if you don't have the stamp that month, you won't be covered - so if you get ill at the start of the month, need a doctor and don't have a stamp, forget about it. Again, compared to the UK system, it's just dreadful.
And then of course, people like students are covered by their parents ZUS coverage - which again, just creates paperwork for someone to push around. But the minute they cease to be a student, that coverage stops.
Of course the UK system isn't perfect - paying for prescriptions in some parts of the UK is an example. But the basic ability to get a doctor when you need one, irrespective of who you are is a good one.
In relation to ZUS - what's the deal if you aren't insured and need to be taken to hospital in an emergency?
(min...what a great word :D)