so if you want to use negative you always (or usually) have to include "nie" just as you'd always include "ne" in French? ie ne rien, ne jamais, ne pas etc
the rule is that the words that carry the negative meaning in themselves, like "nigdy" (never), "nic" (nothing), "nikt" (nobody) don't change the necessity for the use of the proper grammatical negation with "nie"
we have actually 3 different situation in the 3 main linguistic groups in Europe
Germanic languages - single negation
Romance languages - single negation with the specific sentence order (the nagative part before the verb)
- double negation (with the regular sentence order)
Polish (probably other Slavic languages too)
- double negation always