In U.S. you may get in real trouble if you arepoor and have no medical insurance
Welfare - if you're dirt poor then your chances for getting free medical are better, say, if you make $20k or less, you aint getting it. So if you get sick or end up in ER, man, they'll take everything from ya, but, again, till 20k you're fine. Now, getting gov't cheese, not a prob, but aint enough to make on it; you end up in a project that is infested w/ drug users n other criminal scum. So staying on welfare makes you actually poorer w/ very, very few life prospects. Canada fares much better than the US, indeed!
Weather - I'm from NYC, oh, maann...ain't missing much of that am/pm pi..s, snow, ice, you name it! Cali weather I find to have been so far the best, bro! I'm glad you don't like LA! But lotta canucks flock to So Cali, thats fyi.
Culture - not sure about folks north of the border...I worked w/ some canucks abroad n they appeared very limited though knew a lot about hockey...To my shock, Canadians were very racists regarding non-whites, especially Asians, Vancouver often is called Hongcouver… Canadians appear kind, polite, et cetera, but I find all this to be a veneer...very superficial and feeling inferior to their southern neighbor. However, lotta entertainment talent comes from Canada...
Crime - gun control, but lotta bullying in school lately - a big case regarding a HS kid committing suicide. Their school system is less than adequate when compared to the US.
Econ - very cyclical, all depending on natural resources, which Canada has plenty. As long as China keeps making toasters n coffee makers n importing those resources, the loonie will stay very strong, stonger than the US dollar.
Would I recommand moving to Canda? yeah, this is a country that still offers some great opportunities...