The BEST Guide to POLAND
Unanswered  |  Archives 
 
 
User: Guest

Home / Language  % width posts: 13

which 'if' (jeśli, gdyż or gdyby) use in conversation?


chaza 50 | 253
17 Sep 2010 #1
in conversation when i want to use the word 'if' i use the word 'jeśli' but im not sure if i should be using the word ' gdyź' or 'gdyby'.

any guidance on this matter please

chaza
scottie1113 7 | 898
17 Sep 2010 #3
Interesting, and that's what I love about Polish. Ask two people, get three different answers. :) Two of the English teachers at my school are Polish with CPE (Certificate of Proficiency in English, which means that their English is almost as good as mine). Both of them said jeśli. Go figure!
OP chaza 50 | 253
17 Sep 2010 #4
so how does gdyź or gdyby fit then, in what context wold i use them.

chaza
wiewioros - | 2
17 Sep 2010 #5
'gdyż' is not very popular in spoken conversations, it's more written language, and it means 'because'

'jeśli' is used most in first conditional sentences: Jeśli nie będzie dzisiaj padać, pójdziemy na spacer (If it doesn't rain today, we'll go for a walk). Jeśli chcesz, możemy iść do kina (If you want, we can go to the cinema).

'gdyby' is used most in second, third and mixed conditional sentences: Gdyby nie padało, moglibyśmy pójść na spacer (If it wasn't raining, we could go for a walk). Gdyby on tyle nie wypił, nie byłby teraz w szpitalu (If he hadn't drunk so much, he wouldn't be in hospital now).

Did that help? :)
OP chaza 50 | 253
17 Sep 2010 #6
would i be far wrong if i got them mixed up, would it alter the sentence much.

chaza
mafketis 34 | 11,656
17 Sep 2010 #7
'jeśli' is used most in first conditional sentences: J
'gdyby' is used most in second, third and mixed conditional sentences:

wiewioros, the terms 'first conditional' etc are not really used by native English speakers. it's more of a teaching tool for teaching English as a foreign language than anything most native speakers think of.

chaza, use jeśli if the english equivalent uses the simple present "if they arrive by five (I'll be happy) "If you do this, I'll be sad."

use gdyby the rest of the time

It's a little more complicated but that will get you started and be right over 90 % of the time.
Seanus 15 | 19,706
17 Sep 2010 #8
Jeśli or jeżeli are used in a similar way to the first conditional. The conditional of probability.

Gdybym with other words is for conditionals 2 and 3. Hypothetical/suppositions. Or imaginary in the present (2) or in the past (3).
OP chaza 50 | 253
17 Sep 2010 #9
understood

thanks

chaza
Kamil_pl - | 59
23 Sep 2010 #10
Use word "jak" if you want to speak like normal people on the streets. Not "Jeśli nie będzie padać to pójdziemy na spacer", but "Jak nie będzie padać to pójdziemy na spacer". (If it doesn't rain, we will go for a walk). And not "gdyby", but "jakby". I don't even know if that's correct, but I speak like that :)
yuaelt - | 12
3 Nov 2010 #11
Kamil_pl

And not "gdyby", but "jakby". I don't even know if that's correct, but I speak like that :)

"jakby" may not be flat out incorrect but I think it's a regionalism of some sort, 'cause I've never heard anyone speaking like that.

***

Guys, if you have problems using "gdyby", try to remember this sentence:

"Gdyby ciocia miała wąsy, to by była wujkiem".
(If auntie had a mustache, she would be an uncle)

It's a saying Polish often use when they've had enough of someone's unreal or multilayer suppositions. The other side might have been using "jeśli/jeżeli" all the time, but we just started feeling the whole idea has too many conditions to be met.

Polish may mix up the uses of "jeśli" and "gdyby", (I know a lot of people who use gdyby as first conditional, just to express a possibility, and not a fixed plan) but if you want to use "gdyby" safely, limit it to sentences resembling the auntie with mustache case.
mafketis 34 | 11,656
3 Nov 2010 #12
jakby is "as if; like"

Mówił, jakby już był dyrektorem. (He was talking like/as if he was the director already.)

Jakbyś tam była! (It's as if you were there!)

Zachował się, jakbym już się zgodził. (He was acting like I'd already agreed.)
Richfilth 6 | 415
3 Nov 2010 #13
wiewieros, that was an excellent explanation, thank you. I haven't done conditional structures in Polish yet, but I've taught them for years in English so your explanation made perfect sense.


Home / Language / which 'if' (jeśli, gdyż or gdyby) use in conversation?
BoldItalic [quote]
 
To post as Guest, enter a temporary username or login and post as a member.