What half-truth and what evasion? Care to elaborate?
Let me remind you that my first response to your post was not about Kukliński, but about your statement that a soldier never breaks his oath, or something like this. And it is still about it. But you just helped me to take a stronger position regarding the man himself. I am now convinced that he was right. Good job..
unless you know of a country that lets its soldiers pick and choose
Surely I know. That country was called Poland or would be Poland. Just going back to the Great War and later - there were many Polish voluntary military units. They all swore their own oaths and some refused taking foreign oaths.
Just few examples:
+ voluntary Polish Legions, I and III Brigades, refused taking additional oath of loyalty to Kaiser Wilhelm in 1917.
+ voluntary Polish Army in France 1918, commanded by Józef Haller
+ voluntary insurgents of Greater Poland Uprising 1918-1919. They also have their oath too.
+ voluntary Home Army
+ voluntary Cichociemni
+ voluntary Szare Szeregi, Grey Ranks, scouting
+ Even communist People's Guard was voluntary
+ Polish AK units operating near Wilno refused swearing Russian loyalty oath, after being disarmed. Consequently, they were sent to Kaługa and gulags near Moscow.
There are no other Polish military oaths, like those enacted in 1950 and 1952, where conscripts were swearing their obedience to a political system, its authority, its government, its protection of working class (but no other class), to friendship with Soviet Army, etc. Not even those enacted earlier in 1944 and 1947.
Contrary to those, the newest one, 1992 military oath, is plain simple and not politicized:I, soldier of Polish Army, swear to faithfully serve the Polish Republic, to defend its independence and borders. To uphold the Constitution, to guard the honour of the Polish soldier, to defend the military flag. For the cause of my homeland in need I will not spare my own blood or life. So help me God.
So, here is no obedience to Soviet Union, to Tusk or to Kaczyński, or to NATO, etc. And, as long as we are not at war, the military is professional, and their oath is voluntary too. No oath, no professional soldiery.
So the oath a defendant or witness in court has to take has "no moral or ethical value" because they are forced to take it?
No, but I can refuse taking any oath whatsoever on the basis of civil disobedience of any sort, including moral and ethical reasons.
You must have heard about "Ruch Wolność i Pokój" (Freedom and Peace Movement) (1885-1992), a Polish pacifist organization, opposing communism, and about Marek Adamkiewicz, who - after refusal of taking the military oath - was convicted and imprisoned in December 1984 r. in Stargard Szczeciński prison. And Marek Adamkiewicz refused taking that oath, for precisely these reasons, which I emphasized in the post #56.