How long does it take to get a Working Visa for when I go back and teach?
I'm an American working for a school in Gdansk. When I came to Poland in August it was on a 90 day visa. When I got my job in Gdansk in September I had to make a border run to Germany because I didn't have 45 days left on my visa and you need that to apply for a residency card. You don't need a work visa if you have that and you don't have to return to the US to apply.
My school helped me with this and in December I received a proclamation that my residency card had been approved and I would have it soon. Soon is a relative term in Poland and because I began the process last year I'll probably receive the actual card in February.
It'll be valid until October and before it expires I'll have to apply for another one. You will need a contract from your school, proof of insurance and some other papers. I didn't have all of them-didn't know I'd need them-so I had to sign an affadavit that I'm not an axe murderer (really I'm not!) and a couple of others, but those sufficed in lieu of the actual documents. It helped to have the school's support during this process.
If you're coming for less than 90 days you don't need anything but a passport.