What has Poland and Ireland contributed to European civilisation?
We brough Christianity, literacy and scholarship to much of Europe .
Britian, France, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy:
Annegray, Luxeuil, and Fontaines in France,
St. Gall in Switzerland, Disibodenberg in the Rhine Palatinate,
St. Paul's at Besancon, Lure and Cusance in the Dicoese of Besancon, Beze in the Diocese of Langres, Remiremont Abbey and Moyenmoutier Abbey in the Diocese of Toul, Fosses-la-Ville in the Diocese of Liege, Mont-St-Michel at Peronne,
Ebersmunster in Lower Alsace, St. Martin's at Cologne, Regensberg, Vienna, Erfurt and Wurzburg.
To name but a few :)
"Irish scholars who arrived in Continental Europe in the early Middle Ages are often credited with making some of the most important contributions to European culture and learning of the time".
Of course being overrun by Vikings rather put a damper on our activities and after that we were a bit preoccupied fighting off the English and the lowland Scots (a pox on them!). Nonetheless because of our adoption of the English language we were able to make a significant contribution to English literature blah, blah.
What major inventions have come out of Poland and Ireland?
Now you do know our history don't you?? However, be that as it may:
The guided missile (Louis Brennan)
The submarine ditto
I think he designed the first helicopter that actually flew as well.
Cure for leprosy (Dr Vincent Barry)
Boyle's Law (Dr Richard Boyle) chemistry
George Francis Fitzgerald whose work was incorporated into Einstein's theory of relativity.
There's actually a load more but does it really matter? You know how it is with 'inventions'. They come about over a period of time by drawing on the work of those who have gone before and are often responsible for a single element of the invention that makes all the difference.
Oh and Marconi's mother was one of the Jameson family, you know the Irish whiskey people, so he was half
Irish anyway :)
Only an ignorant idiot would deny or detract form the fact that Britain has a superb history of engineering and innovation and in fact Scotland played a large part in that.
As for crime, wherever they went, the Irish and the Poles were far more of an asset to their adopted homelands than a burden or a threat.