Great fog--the fog of all fogs! Greatly exaggerated. See this video
That looks like 400m of visibility as was reported, and the ceiling is obviously very low. That gives you 3 seconds to react to a changing situation.
Aviation 101: dump fuel as last resort when you have no other choice to prevent explosion on impact
Aviation 101: dump fuel as a last resort to make your plane lighter
Reality 101: the Tu-154 doesn't have the ability to dump fuel
The reality is that the pilots were experienced, the navigator and the flight engineer weren't. There was bad weather, communication problems, and a hand flown approach.
- (captain) kpt. pil. Arkadiusz PROTASIUK - total time: 3528h (on Tu-154M - 2937h)
- (first officer) mjr pil. Robert GRZYWNA - total time: 1939h (on Tu-154M - 506h)
- (navigator) por. pil. Artur ZIĘTEK - total time: 1069h (on Tu-154M - 59h, as navigator)
- (flight engineer) chor. Andrzej MICHALAK - total time 330h