Can gambling loss be claimed while filing tax?
No, but gambling wins are also not taxed - gazetapodatnika.pl/artykuly/podatki_2018_kolejne_zmiany_ws_pit_i_gier_hazardowych-a_23048.htm
Be warned that this only applies to legal gambling in Poland. Essentially, you can't claim losses, nor do you pay tax on winnings.
By the way, steer clear of non-licenced games in Poland.