a) As I didn't show proof that my father had completed his military service obligations between the ages of 18-50 (this was the period of 1918-1950) and in addition that
Aha. I've found the basis of this - but read on.
Now, you need to consult the Citizenship Act of 1920. This clearly states -
Art. 5. Legitimate children acquire by birth their father's citizenship. Illegitimate children acquire by birth their mother's citizenship. Unknown parents' children who were born or found on The Polish State's territory will be recognized as Polish citizens, as far as their other citizenship will be not revealed.
So yes, you would have needed to obtain Polish citizenship from your father due to the act in force at that time. Now, reading on -
Art. 11. Loss of citizenship happens by:
1) obtaining another country's citizenship;
2) taking a public office or entering the service in a foreign country' army without Polish government's permission. Persons who are obligated to active military service can obtain a foreign citizenship in no other way than after obtaining an obligation release from Ministry of Military Affairs, otherwise, in view of The Polish State, they will be still considered Polish citizens.
Now - this creates a bit of a muddle in your situation. However, I suspect that if you provide proof of his release - you'll find that Poland will consider him stripped of Polish citizenship from the moment that he obtained Canadian citizenship - which by your account, was before 1951.
Sadly, (I don't know this for certain) - but if he was obliged to serve until he was 50, he would have been discharged in 1950 and thus would have lost Polish citizenship at that very point.
This is indeed a very harsh decision. To take away the citizenship of a woman based on her husband's military obligations is something I hadn't expected when I applied for confirmation of Polish citizenship. My father may have served in the military however I don't have any records in our home to prove his service.
No, she wouldn't have lost citizenship due to this. In fact, as I understand it, she may well have retained it for her entire life - however, the Polish act of 1920 makes it clear that you can only obtain it through the father where the parents are married. It's bizzare in these modern times, but you have to consider that this law is 90 years old and in completely different times. Polish society is still very male-dominated in certain areas.
Sorry, but I cannot see any potential appeal for you - the citizenship act is very very clear on this case.
I can pass on an English speaking lawyer to you if you so wish, but it seems pretty clear cut - your father lost Polish citizenship before 1951, and thus you are denied it as a result.
What's wrong about being a Canadian citizen? You can still travel to Poland anytime you want to, right?
Probably there are children who want EU citizenship for their children. Americans (and Canadians) are really restricted in Europe without it.
edit : just noticed this
Art. 13. Granting and loss of Polish citizenship, if no other disposition of Minister of Interior was reserved, concerns a wife of a man who is granted or loses Polish citizenship, and also his children who are younger than 18 years old.
Almost certainly clear cut case - Polish citizenship was lost before 1951, therefore, no option exists to recover it.
And just to confirm this, from the 1951 Act -
Art. 2. From the date this law goes into force, Polish citizens are those, who:
1) in accordance with the previous laws, are Polish citizens.
The father would have lost Polish citizenship beyond any doubt - and this article confirms it.