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Confused about Polish Nouns

livs046 1 | -
9 Dec 2012 #1
cześć, jak się masz?

I am studying Polish. I just began a few weeks ago.

I am really struggling with noun changes since in English nouns don't change based on situation.

I understand that there are seven different forms of noun --> right?
1-nominative (subject)
2-genitive (possession)
3-dative (indirect objects, some prepositions, etc)
4-accusative (direct object, duration, some prepositions)
5-instrumental (after byc, transportation, action using a tool, transportation)
6-locative (position of object or person)
7-vocative (addressing people)

I do not understand what endings go with each one. How do I know how to make a noun into each form?

What ending do I put on nouns for nominative, for example?

I appreciate any help or advice,

TommyG 1 | 361
9 Dec 2012 #2
I think you really need to buy a book on Polish grammar. Better still get some private lessons.
I don't know them all but with nominitive, genative, locative and instrumental you can get by...
noreenb 7 | 557
9 Dec 2012 #3
There are groups of nouns in Polish language. They are called "deklinacje". Every group has different endings in "przypadkach gramatycznych". So, how many endings are there in nouns?: hundreds.

for example:
one of "deklinacje"(masc., sing.ex. a word: "kot" ), other "deklinacja":(masculin, singular,, example a word: "mężczyzna"):

M kto? co? kot M. mężczyzna
D kogo? czego? kota D. mężczyzny
C komu? czemu? kotu C.mężczyźnie
B kogo? co?kota B. mężczyznę
N (z) kim? czym? kotem N. (z) mężczyzną
Msc o kim? o czym?kocie Msc. o mężczyźnie
W! o! kocie! W. mężczyzno!
There are plenty "deklinacje". You can look for them in grammar books.
Nominative: you have to learn it. It has usually no endings. It has endings in plural, often "y".
For verbs we have many "koniugacje" (differences in endings)
chaza 50 | 253
11 Dec 2012 #4
hi livs
i understand your situation i was in the same as you are now, in fact i havent completely got it yet, i suggest you download the book polish in a nutshell, i found this book to be good, you may want to buy 301 polish verbs by janecki. best thing is the try to talk polish, thats the best way to learn.

30 Apr 2013 #5
I need help with a few Polish nouns - my daughter needs it for her diploma paper on the development of vowels and accents in Slavic languages.

She needs cases for these nouns, especially if the root vowel changes, plural forms too, especially genitive plural.

1 Mianownik mąka trąba kąt sąd król dłóto ręka
1.2 Dopełniacz
1.3 Celownik
1.4 Biernik
1.5 Narzędnik
1.6 Miejscownik
1.7 Wołacz
1.8 Wyjątki

fo the nouns
Paulina 10 | 1,448
30 Apr 2013 #6
OMG, I wrote everything down and then I deleted it by accident and I had to write it all over again ;O That was a pain! lol

I hope I didn't make any mistakes (some good soul could check it just in case):

1 Mianownik - mąka trąba kąt sąd król dłuto ręka
1.2 Dopełniacz - mąki trąby kąta sądu króla dłuta ręki
1.3 Celownik - mące trąbie kątowi sądowi królowi dłutu ręce
1.4 Biernik - mąkę trąbę kąt sąd króla dłuto rękę
1.5 Narzędnik - mąką trąbą kątem sądem królem dłutem ręką
1.6 Miejscownik - mące trąbie kącie sądzie królu dłucie ręce
1.7 Wołacz - mąko! trąbo! kącie! sądzie! królu! dłucie! ręko!


1 Mianownik - mąki trąby kąty sądy królowie dłuta ręce
1.2 Dopełniacz - mąk trąb kątów sądów królów dłut rąk
1.3 Celownik - mąkom trąbom kątom sądom królom dłutom rękom
1.4 Biernik - mąki trąby kąty sądy królów dłuta ręce
1.5 Narzędnik - mąkami trąbami kątami sądami królami dłutami rękoma
1.6 Miejscownik - mąkach trąbach kątach sądach królach dłutach rękach
1.7 Wołacz - mąki! trąby! kąty! sądy! królowie! dłuta! ręce!

1.8 Wyjątki

1 May 2013 #7

Paulina, thank you, thank you, thank you. Ljerka
Paulina 10 | 1,448
1 May 2013 #8
You're welcome :)

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