Poland hasn't had a relationship with Russia because until Catherine the Great, Russia was a cultural backwater.
Every nation on this earth has had a relationship with Russian culture, to a greater or lesser extent.
Russian literature, for example, is genius and incomparable to any other literary tradition this earth has seen. I'm reading a collection of essays now by a Turkish writer in which he talks about growing up in Istanbul and reading Dostoyevsky and Gogol, and how those writers changed his life. It is impossible for a great writer NOT to be influenced by Russian writers, period.
How you can say there was no cultural exchange between Poland and Russia... is beyond me.
Imagine a beautiful woman wearing perfume walking through a room full of men. Not all the men will approach her, or even talk to her - maybe some will be afraid, because she's broken some hearts. But they will all smell her scent and the fragrance will linger in the room long after she's gone. The woman in this metaphor is Russia... ;)
So Poland has more in common with (I'll say France) than with Russia. Poland is a Western Country, it's the West.
Poland is actually central Europe, which doesn't include France but includes Slovakia and Slovenia. And if you want to talk geography, then you could also consider Turkey as an EU candidate. Does that mean Poland has more in common with Istanbul than St. Petersburg?
France? I've been to Paris and I've been to Moscow. In one of those cities, I could understand much of what was being said if the person spoke slowly. I could also eat potatoes with dill and pickles, and drink vodka if I wanted, and be with the people who (according to science) are the same as me down to genetics. I'll give you a clue, that city wasn't Paris.