It has been estimated that Michael Radziwill's 5,000,000 zloties was equal to 139,000 pounds sterling. This would make the income of even the richest British aristocrats (Bedfords, Devonshires etc) pale in comparison. In 1767
Pale in false comparison, more like. Since in 'western' Europe income and assets were distributed rather more evenly. The built enviromnemt surviving to this day demonstrates that. Poland in that period had a tiny fraction of the cultural achievements of, say, Italy or the UK.
Unholy alliance used when they so called "freed" the poor serfs from the bad boys called the Szlachta, and it still lives on today
I assume you mean the Holy Alliance. Serfdom, by the way was pretty much universal at the time of the renaissance, so it's a bit of a mystery why you've mentioned it. Odd that you mention the Devonshires who emerged as players centuries after the renaissance had finished (and serfdom had been abolished in England).
The diffrence in the first half of the 18'th century were that the poles slaved in the Agricultur sector while the lets say british folks slaved in the industrial sector.
What on earth has the Eighteenth Century got to do with the renaissance?????
But in the end of the 18'th century the poles swifted towards Industri just like the rest of europe.
Actually they didn't. They had a very few sporadic and tentative steps towards it, which weren't a notable success. You quote the most general and accessible of Zamoyski's works - try reading a bit more by him - he covers the matter quite well and in more depth elsewhere.
Indeed it was but still the poles had plenty of projects in the P-L Commonwealth that had its share in the renaissance.
[quote=David_18]Indeed it was but still the poles had plenty of projects in the P-L Commonwealth that had its share in the renaissance.
As I said in my first Post, Poland wasn't isolated from the world. The word 'plenty' is misleading however.
Indeed Poland didn't invent the renaissance. But they did build plenty of extraordinary examples and contributed alot to the renaissance.
They didn't particularly. If anything they contributed less than one might expect given their position and resources. And certainly a lot less, given the vast wealth you ascribe to them.