Jadwiga, Queen of Poland
Yes, indeed a comprehensive list as backto has noticed. Thank you, you get a point.
The thing on the wall is the Black Madonna, Matka Boska Częstochowska icon.
Atch, you had doubts about it but let me tell you it is an obvious guess for a typical Pole, so whenever you see an obscure picture which looks like a portrait and there is a round shining object at the top and a smaller one beneath and you can`t discern features of the face because it is so dark, then it must be Black Madonna.
let me add to it Wandę co nie chciała Niemca ;)
Yes, chronologically, Wanda is No 1. :)
It's Smierć Ellenai by Jacek Malczewski, this painting comes from 1883.
Yes, exactly, the full painting below:
And a new riddle: What event does this painting show?