This isn't a Polish word. What you presented is merely a phonetic spelling in Polish of a foreign word.
Poles would use the correct term "szkoła talmudyczna."
Anyway, I was going to say you should concern yourself more with the complete lack of racial diversity in such places, but then I came across this interesting news article published only last year and realized it is probably better they remain insulated from the wider society:Former ultra-Orthodox sue over poor education - Erstwhile members of strictly religious communities seek damages from state that funded sytem they claim is inadequate"They were already in their 20s the first time they ever heard about dinosaurs or even tried their hands at maths and English. Now a group of young Israelis who left the closed world of ultra-Orthodox Judaism are demanding answers from the state which funded their strictly religious education in Jewish seminaries, known as yeshivas."