mtDNA seems more recent
Y-DNA and mtDNA are just male and female, one can't be more recent than the other.(chicken or egg?:) Although Y-DNA is only from father to son, while mtDNA is from mother to children of both sexes.
The most recent appears to be H3
10,000 years old, while the oldest is Mitochondrial Eve 200,000 years ago (refers to the most recent common matrilineal ancestor from whom all living humans are descended).
Although oddly Y-chromosomal Adam probably lived later than Mitochondrial Eve did, possibly 50,000 to 80,000 years later. I know that these Adam and Eves are only theoretically all of our Great........grand parents but you'd think they were around at the same time :) Although what's 50,000 years between family? :)
My dad took the mtDNA test years ago and his haplogroup is thousands of years old and he has about twenty exact matches so far. We all exchanged information and they were all born in the same place as my dad or their parents or grandparents were. I mean within just miles of each other.
I am not sure I understand this, you are saying that your father's haplogroup matches that of people living only in (for example) Poznan and only those that have been tested there or have relations from there?
I don't know much about DNA testing, I am just reading about it now that we are talking about it.
I am part of Haplogroup U5
Haplogroup U5 Wiki
Among the oldest mtDNA haplogroups found in European remains of Homo sapiens is U5. The age of U5 is estimated at 50,000 but could be as old as 60,500 years. Approximately 11% of total Europeans and 10% of European-Americans are in haplogroup U5.[/quote]