I have been searching for a long time for some hint of where my Mom's family came from. Three of my grandparents arrived in the USA in the early 1900's.
The records were more specific, then. I was easily able to locate their home areas in Russian-Poland.
But, my Mom's mother was born in the USA, after her parents came from Poland. All the ship's documents of that era said were, German-Poland. I've gone back to every census, naturalization paper, or death certificate to find some hints. Nothing but German-Poland.
My Aunt thought maybe Krakow, but I knew that was wrong because Krakow was part of Austrian-Poland.
Lewandowski is a common name, so I doubted I find where they came from. But Bubacz, I learned is less common, and I found out this name is most popular in the Poznan area. What gave me my break-through? There is a great website called the Poznan Marriage Project. Many people have volunteered to transcribe records, and make them searchable for everyone. This was invaluable for me. I did not have to look at every record in all of Poznan.
Anyway, I found my grandmother's parent's marriage record online with instructions of how to get the original documents. I had to write to the Archiwum in Gniezno.
Anyway, my Bubacz line is from the villages surrounding Gniezno, Oboro among others, and near Kłecko. Although not that similar to Krakow, I could see where my aunt as a child heard that name, and later remembered it as Krakow.
My Lewandowski forebears lived closer to the city of Poznan, in Szczytniki and Jankowo.
Any Bubacz people from near Oboro, Gniezno? Or Lewandowski from Szczytniki or Jankowo?
Yes, I also found Chmielewska and Nowak(owska) one generation back. So yes, You got that right! Each new find opens up somemore doors. I have had my MtDNA done, (U5), so if there were any females descended from Josepha Nowak and they have had their MtDNA tested, we could confirm genetically what the archives has revealed. Kind of interesting. :-)